Honiara / Salomonseilanden
Honiara is the capital of the independent island nation of the Solomon Islands in the Pacific Ocean. It lies on the north coast of Guadalcanal, at the mouth of the river Matanika. The 36,900-inhabitant city extends mainly along a narrow coastal strip on a harbor bay. Accordingly there are only two main roads through the town. Even before the founding of the city at this point a bloody battle took place during World War II: the battle of Guadalcanal. The natural harbor of the present town was named Iron Bottom Sound after the roughly 50 warships that were sunk here during the fights between Americans and Japanese.